The studies on international relations are mainly divided between those of normative and those of descriptive studies. Normative studies use the principles of international law and use them to establish the rules governing the behaviour of states, whereas Descriptive studies look at the dynamics of relations of states and identify the various trends in the relations. Famously, the normative study are more appealing as it is based on a law. While the descriptive study, however, is more concerned with the real-life situations and problems.
The initial stage was filled with the rise of nation-states, and the second was filled with the rise of principles, guidelines and conventions to guide states in the relations with each other. However, these principles failed to serve their purpose adequately. The third is the stage of reality, where the state realises the failure of the previous two stages. International relations are now full of contradictions and the state is groping to find ways of managing these contradictions.
The shift from the primary civilian state, to the secondary state has caused a sharp decline in the role of diplomacy, which was formerly the sole province of states. Hence, the diplomatic dysfunction that can be seen in the international arena. Diplomacy and politics have become two separate spheres. In fact, one cannot be effective without the other. Hence, it is imperative that diplomacy be treated as a full-fledged and independent discipline.
The foreign policy of a state is largely influenced by the relationship between the state and other states in the international system. The interests of a state mainly endow its foreign policies, in the form of alliances and alliances with other states and institutions. Different combinations of states have given rise to varying balances of power. The allocation of the power is a result of the balance of interests and balance of power. Power is the potential of a state to do and get things done. It is the ability of a state to achieve its goals and objectives. d2c66b5586